From the rule of law to the power: the siege of Visgrad was broken

“Our cooperation is weak.” One month after its 31st anniversary, the words of Mikhail Pek, the Czech Minister for European Affairs, echo a sentiment. Wisegrade Group. The diversity of views dividing the four wonderful countries (Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary) is now more than just common interests, which led to their signing of the alliance after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Since 1993, the group has expanded following the partition of Czechoslovakia, also known as V4. In addition to strengthening their role and promoting the entry of individual nations into the EU, the agreement provides for cooperation in the military, economic, energy and cultural sectors. But if entering a group of 27 is a goal that has been achieved for some time and their decision-making weight is gradually strengthening, the current misconceptions are certainly about other aspects that are not secondary.

Reports to the Press Economic newspaper Minister Bekal has made it clear that the nickname “Mr. Europe” to avoid suspicion is to clarify his country’s position. In the rule of law, Brock has decided not to follow the same path as Hungary and Poland. Beck ruled, “It can not be otherwise.” On the contrary, the main route to Prague should be through Paris and Berlin. , Sponsored the election campaign of former President of the Czech Republic Andrej Babiš without much filtering, so that Slovakia, in line with the election of Prime Minister Eduard Hecker and the populists, broke with European standards. It still seemed to be the only country out of four. However, the promise of the newly elected Czech Fiala has reassured Bratislava that he will not continue in the same path as his predecessor.

However, despite the approval of the multi-year budget and funding for the post-Covit-19 recovery, conflict erupted in December 2020 with the Council of Europe, the group and the group. Visegrad – above all Poland and Hungary – threatened to use the veto on the final decision, despite calls from austerity countries to further strengthen the link between European resources and respect for the rule of law. The deal was struck due to German mediation.

In particular, government intervention in the judiciary is of little concern in Brussels. The verdict of the Polish Constitutional Court of October 2020 – which made abortion even more difficult and brought thousands of people to the streets in a way no one has seen in thirty years – and last July condemned the controversy over the anti-Hungarian Lgbt. Critical discussions of open liberal degradation and recovery funding by European institutions. In addition, the scandals in Budapest did not stop there, and how European money was spent and, in general, affected opaque practices in widespread corruption. Doubts that led to the European Commission Slipping The next generation is threatening the progress of the European Union and the imposition of sanctions if Poland fails to comply with EU laws. Incidentally, the Hungarian president intervened in favor of Warsaw, calling Poland “the best country in Europe” which was not shared by the other two members.

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“When the law came into force, the Slovaks and now the Czechs were in places other than Hungary and Poland,” said an official from Bratislava, who stressed that “both administrations have a strong interest in strengthening the EU without undermining it.” So it looks like the alliance will be halved but the alignments will vary according to the theme.

Opposition from Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary, for example, to the European Green Agreement’s goal of achieving climate neutrality by 2050 was strong, while Slovakia did not hesitate to accept Brussels’ plans. Budapest is not as coal-dependent as the other two, but it has sent a European package to its people in an attempt to thwart Hungarian interests. The other package, “Fit x 55”, was proposed by Frans Timmermans, vice-president of the European Commission, for destroying the European middle class and threatening its democracy for Orbán.

However, the main concerns come from Prague and Warsaw. Two above all: the abandonment of coal, the driving force behind these states, and the fear of losing a portion of the CAP (Public Agriculture Policy) funds allocated to the new European Green Plan. For Poland, abandoning coal means restructuring the entire energy sector. Warsaw is more interested in producing, leaving the goods intact86% Than what was extracted in Europe. The Czech government of Andrej Babiš was included in the Morawiecki government, which was still in the saddle at the time and was the first to oppose any kind of financial transfer and to protect the two nuclear power plants in the country. One of Bobbis’ last options in Europe, along with Poland, was to thwart European attempts to find a square in the matter. Emission trading Greenhouse gases.

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At the end of the year, however, tensions between Poland and the Czech Republic escalated over the Troy mine on the border between the two states. According to Brock, lignite extraction by the Polish government does not respect environmental standards. In September, a European court sentenced Poland to a fine of 500,000 euros a day until the mine’s operations were finally halted. Prime Minister Moraviki has already promised that this will not happen, and today recalled the Polish ambassador from Prague, following his criticism of the mining administration. “Let’s be honest,” Ambassador Miroslav Jaczynski acknowledged, adding that “the cause of the controversy is the arrogance of some.

In short, there is no good blood on the Brock-Warsaw axis at this time. Not everything in Warsaw-Budapest is always running smoothly. If Poland and Hungary were indeed the only barriers to protecting domestic work from European intervention, they would be far from being allies instead of choosing. As with all countries in the region, when it comes to foreign relations, the first thought goes to Russia, in which Poland has a depreciating relationship, while Hungary seeks to further integrate itself with the Kremlin’s thinking. Opposition parties have stated they will not run in the by-elections in Brussels. In fact, there are many similarities between Vladimir Putin and Victor Orban. The desire of both is really clear that he should appear as a strong man who can defend his country in any way against external enemies who seek to destabilize the nation and extinguish its culture.

In rejecting the European liberal model, Orban invented something new in the Russian language that was protected from external attacks by the sword. According to the Hungarian president, the European trend in dealing with every problem is to blame Vladimir Putin, who is considered to be responsible for all the evil. Parole Former German Interior Minister, Horst Seehofer. According to the German minister, Moscow is primarily responsible for the migration crisis on the border between Poland and Belarus, with another Hungarian friend, Alexander Lukashenko, and there is no trace of Russia’s hand in Arban. Poland is in a completely different position, seeing Moscow as a threat and Minsk as a careful calculator of destabilizing the EU. At the same time, however, the Moravian government has been accused of monopolizing the crisis to strengthen many illegal push-packs and its internal position.

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Moreover, due to the current energy crisis, Budapest has completely thrown itself into the hands of Moscow. L ‘Agreement Signing with the Russian company Gasprom at the end of September, it offers to stop 4.5 billion cubic meters per year for fifteen years: 3.5 billion will come from Serbia and Turkey, the rest will come from Austria and Germany, thus passing through ‘Ukraine’. The standard price was higher than the market price, but in this way, the Hungarian Foreign Minister assured that the heating of homes and the functioning of the industry will be guaranteed for a long time (2036). But energy cooperation was seen by many as a villa in Budapest in favor of Moscow rather than a real partnership, and did not end there. In 2014, there was a nuclear deal between the Hungarians and the Russians – instead of the Wiskrat group in Europe. Compact In saying yes – it did increase the capacity of the box plant. Poland, on the other hand, has never hidden its dissatisfaction with Gazprom, which has been accused of deliberately raising energy prices. When the pipes were turned off, the value of the fertilizer increased by 79%, leaving many Polish farmers in trouble. Czech Republic joins Poland MEP Tomáš Zdechovský, who considers “more cooperation” to face Moscow.

Eventually, with the exception of a few situations in the Viscerat group, each will appear individually. In Slovakia, and above all with the farewell of Bobiz in the Czech Republic, Victor Orban appears to be isolated in alliance with the recent changes of government, only to be supported by the Polish PiS when they repeatedly support each other in defense. Violations of state ownership.

Still, Orban is not worried. He has no division, but it is only a “friction”. Explaining the motivation at a press conference in December, he said, “Of the four Wiskrat countries, three are not members of the eurozone,” while Slovakia is heavily affiliated with Brussels. For this reason, the relationships within each state are different. For the Hungarian president, differences are part of the game, so: Wisegrad is not optimistic about the future of the group, and is now waiting to understand which direction the country will go for the upcoming Hungarian election in April, if so, to bring everyone back together.

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