Putin evokes Peter the Great, meets the Ukraine war

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President Vladimir Putin, who often invoked history to stoke nationalist sentiments, compared himself to Peter the Great, the emperor who expanded Russian territory in the 18th century through protracted conflict, in statements that emphasized his vengeful ambitions.

In a speech to Russian businessmen on Thursday – the 350th anniversary of Peter’s birth – Putin appeared to connect his bloody invasion of Ukraine with Russia’s imperial past. Putin, whose birthplace Saint Petersburg bears the Tsar’s name, praised the construction of Peter’s empire and suggested that the land captured by the Tsar rightfully belonged to Russia.

Peter significantly expanded the parameters of his rule, turning Russia into an empire and declaring himself emperor. At the turn of the 18th century, he launched the Great Northern War, a conflict that lasted more than two decades with the Swedish Empire and ended with Russia’s seizure of a swath of the Baltic states.

“what was [Peter] work?” Put it in Requested Thursday, according to the Associated Press. “Retreat and reinforce. That’s what he did. And it looks like it fell to us to take back and reinforce as well.” The comments are widely seen as a reference to Putin’s attack on Ukraine, which he has long considered part of Russia’s sphere of influence.

The tsar who inherited very popular With the Russian public, Kyle Wilson, who served as an Australian diplomat in the Soviet Union, said he is the archetypal authoritarian leader Putin has long aspired to.

Wilson said Putin made it clear that he “seeks to revive the Russian imperial dream.” “And the man who turned Russia into an imperial empire was Peter the Great.”

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The Tsar will “live as long as his cause lives”, Putin British newspaper, Financial Times In a 2019 interview.

The Putin myth has been punctured

Putin said nearly 1,000 international companies that have pulled out of Russia since late February “will regret it.” He also noted that the West would remain dependent on Moscow’s energy exports for some time, despite concerted efforts to reduce imports of fossil fuels from Russia in the aftermath of the war.

“It is impossible – do you understand – it is impossible to build a fence around a country like Russia,” Putin said.

The Russian leader also noted that Peter’s occupation of Swedish-controlled territory – now Saint Petersburg – was not initially recognized by other European powers. This appeared to indicate the international community’s refusal to recognize Russian control of Crimea, the Black Sea peninsula that Putin annexed from Ukraine in 2014.

Putin has long tried to capture Russia’s imperial past to forge a modern national identity, Villanova University history professor Lynne Hartnett. Wrote In the Washington Post. In 2012, Putin called on Russians to come to terms with their past and realize that they have “a common and ongoing history spanning more than 1,000 years.”

But his growing detachment from the West stands in stark contrast to Peter’s embrace of Europe. was the tsar The first Russian ruler to visit European countriesAccording to the Kunstkamera Museum founded by Peter three centuries ago. The Russian monarch established diplomatic relations with the continent, admired European art and culture, and sought to attract European scholars to live in Russia.

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He also moved the seat of Russian power from Moscow to Saint Petersburg to bring his empire “geographically, economically, and intellectually closer to Western Europe.” to me French historian Francine Dominique Lichtenhan.

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